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重新翻译了一下:DAILY ROUTINE(高手讲小号日常训练)

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发表于 2015-12-4 13:44:42 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
重新翻译了一下:
每日的功课: 第一部分
下面做的这些规划,将有助于你确立一个每日规范性的练习模式,既可以优化你的学习进度,又可以巩固你现有的技术。
要知道:每日的功课,不应该被看做是”练习“,就像这样(有人可能会把练习看成是空闲时才要去做的事情),而是应该把它当做你日常生活中必不可少的一部分,就和你天天都要刷牙、洗脸等等如出一辙。

如果你不肯每天都投入一定量的时间来给自己做作业,那你将永远都没有办法享受到演奏给你带来的快乐……我建议你:把你的功课设定在一大清早,如果有可能的话。这样,一旦有什么分心的事情发生,你便已经完成了你自己(每天)的主要目标……
  每天完成一个主要目标(即完成你的功课),将会有很多收效,不止是提升你小号的演奏水平:这一过程,将会全面提升你的自我形象和自尊;较好地激发你的心智作用能力,因为在这一过程中你的大脑的两个半球在不断地交互通信;增加你血液的供氧量,还有助于你一整天都充溢着自信与和畅的心境……

必备的用品:
1.       一把有高直背的椅子,方便你坐直身体(既不要后仰,也不要前倾) ;
2.        你的主干乐器(多数演奏者,是用bB调的,但交响乐演奏员也许情愿使用C调的) ;
3.        你的一款标准规格的号嘴(最好是那种刚好插在你的号管吹口端,既不太浅/也不太深的,号嘴缩口和号嘴内管要有利于舒适地演奏(既不要太大,也不要太紧缩了);
4.        一个节拍器;
5.       一壶水和一满杯(8盎司或稍大一点)水;
6.        一个乐谱架
7.        你平时用来热身的曲目(无论何种,计划用时都不应该超过10分钟,如果这10分钟对完成练习和吹奏目标是有效的话),除此之外,你还需要下列书籍:
o        《阿尔班完全解决方案[Arban's Complete Conservatory Method] 》(最好是Fisher Ed.出的那一版)
o        《克拉克短号/小号技巧练习(Clarke's Technical Studies for Cornet/Trumpet )》
o        《科林嘴唇柔韧性练习(Colin's Lip Flexibilities )》
o        一本练习曲集(如:Charlier的, Laurent的,等等),而我们现在要用的是瓦西里·勃兰特(Vassily Brandt)的《小号练习曲集》 (由MCA出版社出版)
第一步

热身
现在用我提供给你的热身方法,来活络一下你的面部<!>
1、轻轻地在两个不同的音高上来噗呲你的嘴唇,使之发出嗡嗡声,发音要上下连贯而圆润,由低到高,如此来回反复2或3次,只要你的嘴唇适应了这种振动即可。
2. 重复上面这第1个步骤,但这次是在你的号嘴上面……一定要轻轻地捉着号嘴(通常是在拇指和头两个指头之间),努力与你自然状态的演奏姿势保持尽可能地切近(要明白这一点,参见我的《固定点(anchor spot)》)
3. 把你的号嘴插入你小号的号口处,并且<非常>轻柔地哒准C音(或者说:就是bB音,因为我们假定你是在依常例使用bB调的小号)……现在,轻柔地,两个、两个持续音地,从小号上低两个8度的低音C开始吹,继而半个音、半个音地往下吹奏(即利用阀键依半音阶做下行运动)……
        提示: 如果你在吹持续音时发音有障碍,可以把你小号的喇叭口向天花板方向翘起,让号嘴外沿刚好放在你鼻头的下方,嚅动你的下唇向外放一放(但要使你的上唇轻柔地接触到你的下唇),然后小号轻轻下移,使号嘴刚好接触到你的双唇时为止——下唇应该向外放够,实际上是在号嘴下沿的外面……你也许需要把小号稍稍向上或向下倾斜,以便能发出持续音……千万牢记:这不是一种正规的运唇法——仅仅适用于非常低的持续音!
4.一旦你持续音吹得很长,足以使你的面部感到酸麻(但不是强烈刺痛—— 如果你的双唇在任一点上有刺痛感,说明你吹得是太用力了……这期间,应该是很轻柔的


以下是原文:

DAILY ROUTINE: Part 1
        The following is designed to help you establish a regular, daily pattern of practicing, to both optimize your development and maintain your existing skills....
        Please be aware that a daily routine should not be considered to be *practice* as such(since practice may be seen as something that is done when the time is available), but as a necessary part of your daily life, much the same as brushing your teeth, washing your face, and the like....
        No approach to playing will ever work for you until and unless you are willing to commit yourself to a certain amount of time every day....I'd suggest that you plan your routine for rather early in the day, if possible.  That way, should distractions occur, you will have already accomplished a major goal for yourself(every day)....
        Accomplishing a major goal(completing your routine) on a daily basis will do more than improve your trumpet playing: it will enhance your overall self-image and self-esteem, as well as awakening your mind's abilities to function better in communication across the separate hemispheres of the brain, increase the oxygenation of your bloodstream, and help you to attain confidence and balanced relaxation throughout the rest of your day...
TOOLS NEEDED
1.        A straight-backed chair, preferably with a straight seat(not slanting backwards, not slanting forwards)
2.        Your main instrument(for most players, a Bb, but symphony players may wish to use their C)
3.        Your standard mouthpiece(preferably one that has been properly fit to your embouchure, not too shallow/nor too deep, with a throat and backbore conducive to comfortable playing(neither too large, nor too constricting)
4.        A metronome.
5.        A pitcher of water and a full glass(8 oz. or bigger) of water.
6.        A music stand.
7.        Besides whatever warmup music you customarily use(which should be designed to take no more than 10 minutes of time if it is to be effective for both practice and performance purposes), the following books:
o        Arban's Complete Conservatory Method (preferably the Fisher Ed.)
o        Clarke's Technical Studies for Cornet/Trumpet
o        Colin's Lip Flexibilities
o        an Etude Book, (ie:Charlier, Laurent, etc ) for now we'll use Vassily Brandt's *Etudes for Trumpet* (publ. by MCA)
STEP ONE
WARMUP
Using the warmups I've provided you, let's wake up your face<!>
1. Gently buzz your lips on two separate pitches, slurring up & down, from low to higher and back again...repeat this 2 or 3 times, just enough to get the feeling of vibration in your lips.
2. Repeat the first step, but this time buzz on your mouthpiece...Be sure to hold the mpc gently(usually between the thumb and first two fingers), and try to stay as close as possible to your natural playing position(for clarification, see my *anchor spot* reference).
3. Place your mpc into your trumpet's receiver, and tap <very> gently to establish the pitch of C(or Bb concert--we're assuming you're using a Bb trumpet for the routine)...Now, play gentle, double pedals, beginning 2 octaves below the  low C on the trumpet, and proceeding down by half-steps(using the valves to move down chromatically)....
        NOTE:  if you have trouble getting the pedals to speak, tilt your trumpet's bell toward the ceiling, place the outside rim of the mpc just under the base of your nose, roll your bottom lip way out(but keep your top lip gently touching the bottom lip), and gently roll the trumpet down, just until the mpc is in contact with both lips--The bottom lip should be rolled far enough that it is actually outside the bottom rim of the mpc...You may need to tilt the trumpet up or down slightly to get the pedals to speak...REMEMBER:this is not a regular embouchure setting--it is for very low pedals ONLY!
4. Once you've played the pedals long enough to feel that your face is tingling(but not stinging--If your lips sting at any point, you are blowing TOO HARD...Be gentle during t
发表于 2015-12-4 16:47:59 | 显示全部楼层
翻译的很棒~
提醒一下老外要说嘴没劲儿了有时候也会说losing my face(可不是指的丢脸哦)。。。
所以他们有时候lips、face、chops会混用。。。
文中wake up your face和face is tingling其实指的都是嘴唇而不是脸。。。
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 楼主| 发表于 2015-12-4 21:01:05 | 显示全部楼层
oldfatcrab 发表于 2015-12-4 16:47
翻译的很棒~
提醒一下老外要说嘴没劲儿了有时候也会说losing my face(可不是指的丢脸哦)。。。
所以他们 ...

谢谢!
发表于 2016-3-5 16:46:14 | 显示全部楼层
还有其他部分有人上传吗?
发表于 2017-9-28 01:52:06 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢楼主的翻译,很有价值!!
发表于 2017-10-30 06:21:32 | 显示全部楼层
非常感谢楼主
发表于 2017-11-22 11:07:27 | 显示全部楼层
感谢楼主对于信息的分享。但是想问一下这是第一部分?  后面没有了么
发表于 2019-7-30 23:03:43 | 显示全部楼层
这篇文章在学习中,还没有领会喔?
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